tpcastt of an edgar allan poe poem : LUSENET : The Work of Edgar Allan Poe : One Thread

Does any have a tpcastt of an edgar allan poe poem any poem will do but if you have a tpcastt of sonnet to science that would be great

-- Anonymous, December 05, 2003


no it does not.

-- Anonymous, December 05, 2003

I have T.S. Eliot. I'm in 7th GRade here Title- The title, “The Hollow Men” gives a sense of emptiness or even not having a soul. This emptiness is estranged in the first paradox of the poem (of which there are many) “ We are the hollow men, the stuffed men.” Mainly “The Hollow Men” is about the men of today being hollow or empty on the inside; soulless so to speak. Who the hollow men are is a perplexing question. The answer to that is in the allusions of “The Hollow Men.” Eliot uses countless allusions in his poems. I will name some of which I have read minute summaries. The Gunpowder Plot was a conspiracy that arose from England’s Catholics' dislike of King James I and his handling of their religion. At the State Opening of Parliament on November 5, 1605, a group of revolutionaries led by Rober Catesby planed to seize power by killing the king and his ministers, leaving England without a government. Francis Tresham, one of the conspirators, in a letter to his brother-in-law Lord Monteagle, gave the plan away, telling him to stay away from the Houses of Parliament during the Opening. After hearing of this, the Lord Chancellor told the king. On November 4, 1605, Guy Fawkes was arrested in the cellars of the House of Lords, standing guard over two tons of gunpowder. He was tortured until he revealed the names of his cohorts, who were soon executed. Now the British celebrate November 5 with bonfires burning effigies of Guy. Theoretically, they are celebrating the execution of a traitor, though some have been known to see it as a celebration of the near death of the monarchy. Shakespeare's version of the story of Julius Caesar also centers around a violent conspiracy against monarchy. Brutus, a leading Roman citizen, is recruited by Cassius, who is enlisting people to plot to assassinate Caesar. Cassius is motivated by envy and malice. He persuades Brutus that Caesar is an oppressor who will destroy the Roman Republic. Blinding Brutus to the evil nature of the conspiracy, Cassius plays on Brutus's pride as a defender of the public. The Devine Comedy, Dante Alighieri's classic symbolic tale in which the author himself becomes a pilgrim traveling through the three kingdoms of the afterlife: hell, purgatory, and heaven. He is lead through the first two by a poet named Virgil in a pilgrimage devised by his late love Beatrice in an attempt to redeem his soul and convince him to change his life so that after seeing Beatrice in heaven he will desire to join her there again after his own passing. “Heart of Darkness” is a story by Joseph Conrad, who is commonly held to be one of the most influencing books in Eliot's poetry. It is a story full of men without faith or even morality. In the story, the character Marlow tells of his own journey into Africa, a dark world full of men who care only for money and power. Deep in the inside, he meets Kurtz, the most evil man of them all, who on his deathbed seems to realize the truth of what he and humanity as he knows it are. Paraphrase and Connotation(combined because of authors writing style)- (Done by lines and passages) Lines 1-10 The 'hollow men' and 'stuffed men', 'filled with straw' are a combination of the effigies burned on Guy Fawkes Day, the conspirators in Julius Caesar, and Kurtz or the early Dante. Also the hollow man is Eliot’s view of modern man. Words like “whispers” and “rats” give the connotation of conspiring. This conspiring is shown in most of the allusive selections except Devine Comedy. In our dry cellar is representing the cellar beneath the House of Lords. Also in Heart of Darkness Kurtz is spoken to by the fates through whispers in the wind.

Lines 11-12 Some of the paradoxes of the poem, showing disorder and adding a mysterious feel to it, also shows indecisiveness.

Lines 13-18 Those who have gone to heaven shameless are told not to think of the lost ones as evil in intention. Like the numerous souls who beg Dante to keep their memory alive, they are asking for those lucky souls to remember the fate of those less fortunate, and to also remember that they were not seeking to do wrong, but simply lacked what the fortunate ones have, morals and values.

Lines 19-28 In The Devine Comedy Dante cant meet Beatrice’s gaze in heaven (Death’s Dream Kingdom) because of his shame. This is just the scenario Eliot is portraying. Also he says that these eyes wouldn’t appear in heaven because they are the eyes of the hollow men who don’t go to heaven. A broken column is a sign of premature death, of which most of the conspirators in the allusions experienced. And again there is reference to whispering wind. Heaven is kindly portrayed as a goal for the lost souls.

Lines 29-38 Where the previous stanza showed the beauty in heaven and the hope a tormented soul has of reaching that place, this one and the next show that souls fear in the obstacles that will have to overcome before that can happen. The acts of dressing in animal skins for ritualistic purposes, as well as the custom of hanging up the corpse of a member of a crop damaging species are possible origins of the scarecrow, a crop protecting guardian.

Lines 39-44 Showing the infertility of a desert, Eliot is showing the infertility of the modern world. Eliot describes risen idols that an uncivilized race worships and sacrifices for. Even human sacrifices seem a barbaric regularity. To the end, Kurtz's Intended mate is confident in his faithfulness, goodness, and unending love for her, while in reality he has turned to the worship of pagan forces (stone is symbolic of idolatrous worship).

Lines 45-51 A perversion of Juliet's line about "lips that they must use in prayer" instead of for kissing. Kurtz's lips are being used in pagan worship instead of to express love for his Intended.

Lines 52-57 Speaking of the abscence of the worthy ones of Heaven whose eyes showed no shame in the hollow land. In Death’s other kingdom (Hell or the absence of Heaven) the hollow men are among ruin and other lost souls. These lines allude to all four major sources: the last meeting places and tumid rivers encountered by the Pilgrim on his journey, the element of conspiracy (last meetings before the treasonous act) in Julius Caesar and of the Gunpowder Plot, and Marlow's experiences with the secretive trading company, "It was just as though I had been let into some conspiracy." This is the final meeting of a doomed conspiracy, the last meeting of the hollow souls.

Lines 58-61 The river that Dante must cross, the river that Marlow follows into the heart of Africa.

Lines 62-68 If the good eyes reappear, so does hope and the possibility for redemption. At Dante the Pilgrim's first meeting with Beatrice, her eyes were shameful for him to look upon, yet they also signaled the possibility of his redemption. When he is able to look upon her again it signifies a change in the state of his soul, it has been purified. When Marlow meets Kurtz's Intended, he is looked upon by the eyes of a pure spirit, "The room seemed to have drown darker, as if all the sad light of the cloudy evening had taken refuge on her forehead. This fair hair, this pale visage, this pure brow, seemed surrounded by an ashy halo from which dark eyes looked out at me. Their glance was guileless, profound, and trustful.” That moment was Marlow's chance to resist the corruption, which has made a way into modern man.

Lines 69-72 The prickly pear is a desert cactus that is still portraying infertility.

Lines 73-77 This section of the poem deals with the cause of hollowness- failing to take action, giving in and living only as a shadow. The shadow has had a chance to recognize the difference between the idea and the action and has either rejected that chance and/or failed to choose between the two. This verse lingers in a reminiscent, regretting connotation.

Lines 78-98 Still dealing with where the Shadows choice lies- in between. Other “between statements” having steps that the shadow lies between. Still references to holy beings (God) offers yet, redemption.

Lines 99-102 Eliot portrays that it is not a big event that will end civilization, but a whimper, the whimper of a gradually degraded society. The whimper is what Guy Fawkes exhaled when he gave up his co-conspirators, it is what Brutus and Cassius spoke when their plans to rule crumbled, it is Kurtz's last utterance when he finally realizes the truth of the evil world he lives in, and it is the end for all hollow men. Attitude- Eliots attitude in “The Hollow Men” is that of anger, and sorrow, for what the world has become (or at least in his case, what the British Aristocracy had become). This attitude is portrayed through the pleas of the hollow men, not to remember them as “lost violent souls” as they seemingly are. There is also a forgiving “it’s not too late” tone when a chance of redemption is shown. Shifts- Shifts in “The Hollow Men” are all but subtle. Starting out as an sorrow with many pleas from hollow men, the tone shifts in line 38, showing the infertility of modern civilization with words like “dead”,”stone” and “cactus.” In lines 62&63, this turns to a chance of redemption as transitional words, like “unless” and “hope” are used. The tone yet again shifts back to anger in line 69 when mention of a desert cactus is brought up again. The tone shifts to regretting and final chance for redemption around line 93 when lines from “The Lords Prayer” appear as well as the use of the aforementioned “between statements.” Title- The title of “The Hollow Men” is candid, the poem being truly about these hollow, lost souls. This style of title is usually meant when a poem is directed towards a certain audience. Theme- The poem is seen as an admonition to all hollow men to, in religious terms, “repent of all wickedness”, warning society not to fall into greed, corruption, or conspiracy. I sympathize with Eliot in the fact that many dictators and leaders are truly subject to greed and conspiring, but I disagree in his saying that the world will end in such a way. I believe that good shall endure until the day of reckoning. I hope that this essay has helped clarify T.S. Eliot’s “The Hollow Men” Bibliography- Alighieri, Dante, The Devine Comedy, Bevington, David, ed. The Complete Works of Shakespeare. Addison Wesley Longman, Inc., 1997. Eliot, T. S. The Complete Poems and Plays. Harcourt Brace & Company, 1980 Kimbrough, Robert, ed. Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness. W. W. Norton & Company, 1988 Guy Fawkes Day infosite.

-- Anonymous, February 16, 2004

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