Study: Earth Can't Meet Human Demand for Resourcesgreenspun.com : LUSENET : Unk's Troll-free Private Saloon : One Thread
Study: Earth Can't Meet Human Demand for Resources Mon Jun 24, 5:13 PM ET
By Christopher Doering
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The consumption of forests, energy and land by humans is exceeding the rate at which Earth can replenish itself, according to research published on Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ( news - web sites).
The study, conducted by California-based Redefining Progress, a nonprofit group concerned with environmental conservation and its economics, warned that a failure to rein in humanity's overuse of natural resources could send the planet into "ecological bankruptcy."
Earth's resources "are like a pile of money anyone can grab while they all close their eyes, but then it's gone," said Mathis Wackernagel, lead author of the study and a program director at Redefining Progress.
Scientists said humanity's demand for resources had soared during the past 40 years to a level where it would take the planet 1.2 years to regenerate what people remove each year.
The impact by humans on the environment had inched higher since 1961 when public demand was 70 percent of the planet's regenerative capacity, the study showed.
"If we don't live within the budget of nature, sustainability becomes futile," Wackernagel said.
The study, which details the population's impact on the Earth with a quantitative number, measured the "ecological footprint" of human activities such as marine fishing, harvesting timber, building infrastructure and burning fossil fuel that emits carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere.
Researchers then used government data and various estimates to determine how much land would be required to meet human demand for those actions.
For example, Wackernagel and his team found that in 1999, each person consumed an average of 5.7 acres (2.3 hectares). The global average was significantly lower than industrialized countries such as the United States and United Kingdom where 24 acres (9.6 hectares) and 13.3 acres (5.3 hectares), respectively, were consumed per person.
In order to develop a formula that measured humanity's consumption with the Earth's regenerative capacity, the researchers were forced to reach several assumptions and omit the use of some resources because of insufficient data.
The results, for example, excluded the impact of local freshwater use and the release of solid, liquid or gaseous pollutants other than CO2 into the environment.
Even though the findings revealed that human use of resources was far outstripping Earth's supply, it stopped short of determining how long the process could continue without detrimental consequences.
"Like any responsible business that keeps track of spending and income to protect financial assets, we need ecological accounts to protect our natural assets," Wackernagel said. "And if we don't ... we will prepare for ecological bankruptcy."
Wackernagel said the study's results could be used to gauge the impact of new technologies and how they affect the environment.
The use of an alternative technology, such as one that produces renewable energy or replaces natural biological processes, could allow society to live better without increasing consumption, he said.
Governments could also determine the impact consumers and businesses were having on depleting area resources and evaluate potential ways to reduce consumption, Wackernagel said.
-- more doom coming soon (humans @ pigs. of planet earth), June 25, 2002
Before you start to believe everything you read along these lines, try reading The Skeptical Environmentalist by Bjorn Lomborg.
-- Malcolm Taylor (firstname.lastname@example.org), June 26, 2002.
While you're at it, helen suggests that you read Farenheit 451, too.
-- Little Nipper (email@example.com), June 26, 2002.
Good grief, do I have to hear that on every thread?
-- (firstname.lastname@example.org), June 26, 2002.
Lars, you must understand LN. He has an ideology. His ideology tells him that humans are destroying the earth. Since this is a foregone conclusion, there is no need to consult the facts. His ideology tells him that the facts, whatever they may be, MUST align with his ideology, since his ideology is uniformly and universally TRUE. At that point, consulting the facts becomes superfluous and a waste of effort.
He has thought this through very carefully. Don't confuse him.
-- Maria (email@example.com), June 26, 2002.
Malthus. The "Club of Rome." Old wine in new bottles.
-- Ken Decker (firstname.lastname@example.org), June 26, 2002.
I see that Dumbya's female counterpart Maria has learned a new word today... "ideology", and used it 5 times in one paragraph. Too bad she is obviously still too stupid to know what it means!!
-- bwaahahaa (email@example.com), June 27, 2002.
Hey troll, try to keep up, I was turning the tables on him. I know you're the stupidest person on the planet but at least try to look smart.
-- Maria (firstname.lastname@example.org), June 27, 2002.