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What does Parallelism, and Symbolism mean? Do you have any poems with these figurative Language in it?
-- Anonymous, February 28, 2002
Literary device in which grammatical or semantic elements repeat. Parallelism is commonly classified as synonymous, antithetical, or synthetic, following the system of Robert Lowth in the 18th century. These categories are not always adequate, but they do offer a starting point. For example, Psalm 18:8 is an example of synonymous parallelism: "Smoke went up from his nostrils / and devouring fire from his mouth / glowing coals flamed forth from him" (NRSV). Note that the repeated meanings are not identical, but rather seem to build on one another. Some other types of parallelism include chiastic and staircase.
Developed in the late 19th century, symbolism is an art movement characterized by the representation of the inner life of people through spiritual or mystical symbols and ideas. It began as a rejection of the purely visual realism of the Impressionists, and the rationality of the Industrial Age, in order to depict the symbols of ideas, Traditionally modeled pictorial depictions are replaced or contrasted by flat mosaic-like surfaces decoratively embellished with figures and design elements.
-- Anonymous, October 20, 2004