Establishment of a Medical Implant Communications Service in the 402-405 MHz Bandgreenspun.com : LUSENET : TimeBomb 2000 (Y2000) : One Thread
Yeow!! :-' While researching the Federal Register
I came across this.
SUMMARY: This document establishes a Medical Implant Communications Service (MICS) operating in the 402-405 MHz band.
MICS operations will consist of high-speed, ultra-low
power, non-voice transmissions to and from implanted
medical devices such as cardiac pacemakers and
defibrillators. The rules will allow use of newly-
developed, life-saving medical technology without
harming other users of the frequency band. DATES: Effective January 14, 2000.
Maybe I'm reading too much into this.
-- spider (email@example.com), December 20, 1999
"Maybe I'm reading too much into this."
You know better than that. Wait for tomorrows 'paper`.
-- minnie mumwage (MyShiftIsOver@KidsRUs.com), December 20, 1999.
Yes, it could be used with imbedded tracking/ID devices to track individuals within a complex...
It could be used to avoid unnecessary surgery...
-- Mad Monk (firstname.lastname@example.org), December 20, 1999.
What happens if somebody hacks onto the frequency, keys up their mic and causes a gazillion heart attacks?
-- Charli Claypool (email@example.com), December 20, 1999.
I can't help myself. Now that I've delved into
the Federal Register.
Making this interim rule effective immediately
is essential for ensuring that the OCC can
properly and timely address the Year 2000
problem and that insured depository institutions
can achieve Year 2000 readiness in the relatively
short time remaining before Year 2000 problems may
begin to occur.
. . .
Congress expressly found that the Year 2000 problem
poses a serious challenge to the American economy,
including the Nation's banking and financial services
Guidelines Establishing Year 2000 Standards for Safety and Soundness for National Bank Transfer Agents and Broker-Dealers
-- spider (firstname.lastname@example.org), December 20, 1999.
Found this there:
LIST OF POTENTIAL Y2K AFFECTED MEDICAL DEVICES
The following list contains the potentially high-risk device types. Where the generic device type has been classified by FDA, the list includes the section number in Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations where the device type is described. For those devices cleared for market through the premarket approval application process or which have not yet been classified, no classification regulation number is given.
A. Classified Devices
(Classification regulation number followed by classification name) 862.1345 Glucose Test System 862.2140 Centrifugal Chemistry Analyzer for Clinical Use 862.2150 Continuous Flow Sequential Multiple Chemistry Analyzer for Clinical Use 862.2160 Discrete Photometric Chemistry Analyzer for Clinical Use 862.2170 Micro Chemistry Analyzer for Clinical Use 868.1150 Indwelling Blood Carbon Dioxide Partial Pressure (P
C02) Analyzer 868.1200 Indwelling Blood Oxygen Partial Pressure (P 02) Analyzer 868.1730 Oxygen Uptake Computer 868.2375 Breathing Frequency Monitor 868.2450 Lung Water Monitor 868.5160 Gas Machine for Anesthesia or Analgesia 868.5330 Breathing Gas Mixer 868.5400 Electroanesthesia Apparatus 868.5440 Portable Oxygen Generator 868.5470 Hyperbaric Chamber 868.5610 Membrane Lung (for Long-Term Pulmonary Support) 868.5830 Autotransfusion Apparatus 868.5880 Anesthetic Vaporizer 868.5895 Continuous Ventilator 868.5925 Powered Emergency Ventilator 868.5935 External Negative Pressure Ventilator 868.5955 Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation Attachment 870.1025 Arrhythmia Detector and Alarm 870.1750 External Programmable Pacemaker Pulse Generator 870.3535 Intra-aortic Balloon and Control System 870.3545 Ventricular Bypass (Assist) Device 870.3600 External Pacemaker Pulse Generator 870.3610 Implantable Pacemaker Pulse-Generator 870.3700 Pacemaker Programmers 870.4220 Cardiopulmonary Bypass Heart-Lung Machine Console 870.4320 Cardiopulmonary Bypass Pulsatile Flow Generator 870.4330 Cardiopulmonary Bypass On-Line Blood Gas Monitor 870.4360 Nonroller-Type Cardiopulmonary Bypass Blood Pump 870.4370 Roller-Type Cardiopulmonary Bypass Blood Pump 870.4380 Cardiopulmonary Bypass Pump Speed Control 870.5225 External Counter-Pulsating Device 870.5300 DC-Defibrillator Low Energy (Including Paddles) 876.5270 Implanted Electrical Urinary Continence Device 876.5630 Peritoneal Dialysis System and Accessories 876.5820 Hemodialysis System and Accessories 876.5860 High Permeability Hemodialysis System 876.5870 Sorbent Hemoperfusion System 876.5880 Isolated Kidney Perfusion and Transport System and Accessories 880.5130 Infant Radiant Warmer 880.5400 Neonatal Incubator 880.5410 Neonatal Transport Incubator 880.5725 Infusion Pump 882.5820 Implanted Cerebellar Stimulator 882.5830 Implanted Diaphragmatic/Phrenic Nerve Stimulator 882.5840 Implanted Intracerebral/Subcortical Stimulator For Pain Relief 882.5850 Implanted Spinal Cord Stimulator for Bladder Evacuation 882.5860 Implanted Neuromuscular Stimulator 882.5870 Implanted Peripheral Nerve Stimulator for Pain Relief 882.5880 Implanted Spinal Cord Stimulator for Pain Relief 884.1700 Hysteroscopic Insufflator 884.1730 Laparoscopic Insufflator 884.2660 Fetal Ultrasonic Monitor and Accessories 892.5050* Medical Charged-Particle Radiation Therapy System 892.5300* Medical Neutron Radiation Therapy System 892.5700* Remote Controlled Radionuclide Applicator System 892.5750* Radionuclide Radiation Therapy System 892.5900* X-ray Radiation Therapy System * The device classifications specified previously with an asterisk include radiation treatment planning systems that are accessories to these device types.
B. Post Medical Device Amendments Class III Devices and Devices not yet Classified
Automated Blood Cell and Plasma Separator for Therapeutic Purposes Cardioconverter, Implantable Defibrillator, Automatic Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator, Implantable, Dual-Chamber Device, Thermal Ablation, Endometrial Kit, Test, Alpha-Fetoprotein for Neural Tube Defects Lipoprotein, Low Density, Removal Pulse-Generator, Dual Chamber, Implantable Pulse-Generator, Program Module Pulse-Generator, Single Chamber Pulse-Generator, Single Chamber, Sensor Driven, Implantable Pump, Drug Administration, Closed Loop Pump, Infusion, Implanted, Programmable Separator for Therapeutic Purposes, Membrane Automated Blood Cell/ Plasma Stimulator, Cortical, Implanted (for Pain) Stimulator, Electrical, Implanted, for Parkinsonian Tremor Stimulator, Sacral Nerve, Implanted Stimulator, Spinal-Cord, Totally Implanted for Pain Relief Stimulator, Subcortical, Implanted for Epilepsy System, Pacing, Temporary, Acute, Internal Atrial Defibrillation Ventilator, High Frequency
-- Charli Claypool (email@example.com), December 20, 1999.
Holy guacamole! Is there ANYTHING that WON'T be affected?!
-- cin (firstname.lastname@example.org), December 20, 1999.
This thread is meandering all over the place!
As to the spectrum allocation proposed, it's in the same neighborhood as X10 devices use for their "air" link (as opposed to the power line side of the system). If you're not familiar with X10 stuff, look over www.x10.com. They've been around a long time -- Radio Shack was selling their controllers about 20 years ago.
Anyway, "ultra-low power" devices in that band are going to have a range of maybe 20 feet (or less) in the applications they're describing. Looks like they're looking for a way of having chronically critical people get on the monitoring equipment without having to waste minutes hooking them up. Just roll them up next to the monitoring machine, and see the results immediately.
I don't see anything sinister there.
-- Ron Schwarz (email@example.com), December 21, 1999.
Hit the ARRL's website and check their various pages to see if there's mention of the band allocation. Hams (Amateur Radio enthusiasts) are ALWYAS watchign to see who wants what frequencies and why, since they have to fight to keep their bands. They even watch for changes in band allocations that don't directly impact the amateur bands. (Nearest Ham band to that is ~440 MHz.)
O d d O n e, who happens to also be a Ham...
-- OddOne (firstname.lastname@example.org), December 21, 1999.
Ummmm... where's the article? Both links got me a blank page.
Time is 2:11 pm, EST
-- Arewyn (email@example.com), December 21, 1999.